Back pain in the lumbar region

populus often complain of back pain, and this is natural: this area accounts for a large part of the burden. In comparison with other departments, lumbar most vulnerable to diseases.

In this article we will understand what happens to the back in the lumbar region, which was the cause and how to get rid of him.

back pain in the lumbar region of the left

Read more about back pain

Lower back pain, known as lumbago, or "lumbago". Sometimes it is so severe that a person has to take a position that is unnatural, their movements forced. Any movement makes the patient very uncomfortable.

The pain may last a few moments or a few days. Then, suddenly, he stopped, but after a while it returns with renewed strength. A person has to adapt to the waves of pain that will not be complete if it is not treated.

Why is it a bad back?

The reason may be the following factors:

  • dateline of driving or computer work in the sitting position;
  • physical exertion, emotional or nervous stress in the workplace;
  • advanced training at the gym (when performing exercises standing or sitting);
  • pregnancy and the difficult birth;
  • problems with excess weight.

It happens that the pain disappears by itself. It is given to understand the following: if the lower back is bothering with regularity — it is possible the development of serious diseases. And after the treatment, it can lead to serious consequences, get rid of them have surgery.

Low back pain, as a symptom of the disease

There are two types of pain: primary and secondary.

The primary syndrome of the pain occurs directly in the development of diseases of the spine. Can be:

  • low back pain lumborum Department;
  • the training output of the intervertebral disc;
  • intervertebral hernia;
  • spondylosis or spondylarthrosis;
  • diseases of the spine, such as kyphosis, scoliosis, kyphoscoliosis;
  • arthritis;
  • discit, osteomyelitis and tuberculosis of the spine.

Secondary pain syndrome occurs due to the disease in other areas of the body. It is caused for the following reasons:

  • fractures;
  • the tumor within the canal vertebral;
  • persistent muscle spasms;
  • diseases of the internal organs;
  • lapides renibus disease;
  • complicated pregnancy;
  • problems with the ovary.
back pain in the lumbar region

Classification of pain

Back pain can be:

  • strong;
  • sharp;
  • pain;
  • chronic;
  • moved.

Severe pain

Strong pain in osteochondrosis. The pain chased constantly when he walks, sits, lifts weights, even the cough or sneezes. Sometimes, she gives to the lower limbs. This is accompanied by numbness and a sensation of "chills".

When lumborum-sacralis radiculitis person feels pain in the lower back and other parts of the body: the buttocks, thighs, pelvis and postremo. Painful sensations become stronger in the process of walking, of coughing, change of body position.

The first of these indicators, you need to consult a neurologist. It is recommended to sleep on a hard mattress, to keep the lower back in the correct position anatomically.

Acute pain

Acute pain in humans occur in the following cases:

  • muscle strain;
  • a long stay in an uncomfortable position;
  • working with weights;
  • injury;
  • sudden movement;
  • hypothermia;
  • draft.

To overcome these pains, you need to use gels and ointments, which have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. They will help you to improve the circulation of the blood and get rid of the edema. If after two or three days after the first symptoms of lower back pain does not happen, then it is time to consult a doctor.

In the early days, when the back pain are especially strong, it is better to stay in bed.

Pain pain

Pain pain in the lower part of the back can occur due to myositis, or inflammation of the muscles of the lower back. The man is shackled in his movements, because he feels pain when doing even the simple movement.

To get rid of the pain, you must first take a hot shower and then put on the warm clothes. Physical activity are excluded. For the relief of the disease, it is recommended to APPLY ointments, has tepidus effect. If the pain after three days does not happen, it is best to consult a doctor.

Chronic pain

Often the cause of this pain becomes deformavit spondylosis. The person with this disease, very concerned about the lower back, may develop loss of sensation and weakness in the legs.

Chronic pain can also occur due to ankylosing spondylitis, problems with metabolism or cancer. To deal with these diseases in man is not going to work. To identify the cause in the early stages too difficult. Therefore, the appearance of pain which are not more than three days, and what is worse, should consult a doctor.

severe back pain in the lumbar region

Displaced pain

This type is characterized by its "confusion". The person feels pain in the loins and believes that the problems with the spine. But displaced pain usually occur due to diseases of organs located in the pelvic zone, tumors and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and the kidneys.

In some cases, it is necessary to go to the doctor?

In the presence of any symptom from the list below you should immediately consult a doctor.

  • pain in the lumbar region does not go away after three days and more;
  • cause of pain in the spine from the injury with which you are familiar (for example, a few days before this accident, or falling on the back);
  • get sick at the same time the lower part of the back, hip, leg and foot;
  • the pain of losing the sensitivity in the buttocks, thighs, legs, feet and the groin.

How to cure back pain?

Normally, the patient's comprehensive treatment, where the attention to the lumborum region and the spine and nearby organs.

The treatment is divided into two types: conservative and operative.

Conservative treatment is the treatment of events in which the recovery of the patient is achieved through the use of drugs (medicines), and through the use of alternative techniques .

Conservative treatment can be of various types:

  • taking special drugs;
  • physiotherapy;
  • physiotherapy;
  • massage.

Drug therapies

back pain in the lumbar region treatment

Creams and gels

Ointment medication in a mild form, which is intended for external application to the affected area of the body. The ointment consists of two components: the base and the active drug substances.

Ointments as medicines is effective in the case that you need to improve the condition at home. They help people to relieve pain, inflammation and muscle spasms. Some have tepidus effect for the lumbar region, which is useful if she frigus.

As tepidus drugs excellent performance, a Chinese patch for the back.

There is the following classification of ointments:

  1. Anti-inflammatory ointment analgesic effect. They have a cooling effect due to the fact that it contains menthol and lavender.
  2. Combined ointments. They are used for injuries and sprains. In addition to anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, have a healing effect, which is achieved at the expense of demethyl sulfoxide and heparin in the ointment.
  3. Drugs with the effect of expanding the blood vessels. Increase blood flow to the affected area.
  4. Chondroprotectors. Used in the pathology of cartilage. Due to chondroitin sulfate these drugs restore the joints.


The injection consists of injecting the medication into a muscle or vein to accelerate the "delivery" of drugs to the inflammation site. It is important that the needle was sharp, without skin, without the muscles are not injured.

The distinctive characteristics of the injection are:

  • The speed of treatment.
  • The effectiveness of treatment. The active substance is not exposed to degenerative processes in the gastrointestinal tract.
  • The need for a professional approach to the introduction of injection. You better not make me shots every day to go to a doctor or call a health care provider at home.
  • Requires a specialist appointment. Appropriate medication can prescribe only doctor. And many drugs without prescription and that can not be purchased.

The exercise and the load

Physiotherapy — a method of treatment of diseases and reduce back pain. The tasks of the physical therapy is the restoration of the skeleton-muscular system, improving the condition of the patient and the correction of posture.

When the back pain it is advisable to carry out the following exercises:

  1. Initial position — lying down. It is also necessary to increase the left and right leg. The maximum height is ten to fifteen centimeters. The high foot to bear the weight of 10-15 seconds. Exercise 10-15 times on each leg.
  2. In the position of supine and bend the knees. The angle of flexion of 90-100 degrees. At the end of the year bent leg should be leaning to the right and to the left until it stops. The exercise is performed 15 times.
  3. You need to slowly and gradually bend in different directions. During the exercise the back should be as straight as possible. Enough to 20 of tilt in each direction.
  4. On the basis of the position of the foot in four. To make humor in the face of arms and legs (for example, make use of the right hand and left foot) at the same time. Runs 10-15 times
  5. "The bridge". Hand in hand with your belly, you need to arch your back upwards and locked in this position for as long as you have enough forces. To perform the exercise at least 5 times.
back pain in the lumbar region massage


The massage is a treatment method aimed at the influence on the active points of the person with the hands or special devices. This method is well proven in the fight with pain in the lumbar region. However, the massage should be done by a qualified technician because it is wrong specialist can harm the health of the spine.

The advantages of massage:

  • improves the blood flow in the body part affected;
  • makes muscles and tendons more flexible and elastic;
  • relieves the acute pain;
  • removes toxins from the body;
  • creates a pleasant feeling through the massage of the sensitive areas of the body;
  • beneficial effects on the mood.

Massage is best to combine it with the adoption of the bathtub or the swimming pool. It is especially useful for steam brooms made of birch or oak: they increase the body tone.

Heat and cryotherapy

This method of treatment refers to folk medicine. Warming help for pain that are not associated with the inflammation. For example, it is a tear, hernia, curvature of the spine or degenerative disk disease. Cryotherapy, on the other hand, is effective in acute forms of inflammation.

Remember! In the presence of infection in the body of the warm-up loses its positive effects. An increased flow of blood contributes to the appearance in the human body severe pain and inflammation of the area may increase.

Prevention of the disease

To avoid the re-appearance of pain in the lumbar region, we recommend that must comply with three main rules:

  • Regular exercise

The exercise should be restorative in nature. That affect uniformly all the groups of muscles including the back and stomach. They are encouraged to do every day at least twenty to thirty minutes. Suitable morning exercise, Run, swim or fast walk.

  • To maintain the water-salt balance

The day that a person is recommended to drink up to three liters of liquid. To do this, use pure mineral water. Soft drinks, coffee and tea are bad for the kidneys and not saturate the body.

More water should be drunk in the morning. After 20: 00 is best to reduce the amount of water consumed, as it can cause pain and swelling in the kidneys.

  • Eat well and visit a doctor

Revise your daily diet. You must reduce the amount of fats, fried and smoked food or not to exclude her – it is better to add healthy meals and products. The most useful that steamed or boiled. In the daily diet should be as many products needed by the body saturated with vitamins, trace elements and minerals.

We recommend annual to submit to medical exams, including a comprehensive exploration of the body. Women should regularly visit the gynecologist, men — urologist. The health of the children must be controlled at the level of educational institutions — establish-UPS will help to detect the disease as soon as possible and start the treatment.

The main condition for the preservation of a healthy spine is the right way of life!

In addition to these three rules, there are several that are also recommended to observe:

  • To control your posture.
  • Avoid postures uncomfortable in the work of the sitting. The knees must be above the level of the pelvis. Have to sit in a chair ground or put a stand under the feet. Better if it is between the spine and the back of the chair (president) little cushion.
  • When office work is to move regularly. Every hour to take breaks for a small charge.
  • To sleep on a hard orthopaedic mattress.
  • To correctly lift weights. This is done through the bending of the knee. You should go down to the object, bend your knees, keeping your back straight.
  • When the transfer of weight to distribute the load between the two hands.


Back pain is a dangerous symptom that is characterized by its variability.

Take care of your health, do not hesitate trips to the doctor and maintain an active lifestyle – then, problems with the spine will be.