What to do at home if it hurts the neck

In the human body everything is interconnected and any illness or pain arises just make sure the reason for this is that there is some kind of push. The pace of modern life, people used to treat the pain and not to go to the doctor, with the hope that the pain will go away with time itself. These nasty disease, pain in the neck, often occurs in office workers, athletes and people that move a bit, and after sessions of excessive physical effort. When the sore throat to tolerate it is certainly not necessary, because the sooner treatment begins, the faster you can get rid of pain and discomfort.

The structure of the neck

In the human body everything is interconnected and, of course, the normal functioning of the neck is impossible without a healthy diet of the spinal cord and the vertebral column. The neck is the beginning of the vertebral column consists of seven cervical vertebrae. No movement is possible due to the large number of muscles and ligaments, and when disturbed the work of a particular muscle in this case we can speak of the pain syndrome. The composition includes the following components:

  1. The trapezius muscle is involved in the movement of the leaves.
  2. The muscle belt, so that it can perform the movement of the neck forward and backward, and tilt the head.
  3. Lopatochna the muscles connecting scapula with ostistim process.
  4. Musculus erector spinae is one of the long muscles running from the sacrum to the bones of the head, passing through the spine.
Muscle contraction is possible with the help of the nerves in the neck, which include three types:
  1. Motor nerves are able to reduce without any help.
  2. The sensory nerves are able to sense various movements and manipulations.
  3. Diaphragmatic nerves provide for the operation of the diaphragm.

With blood vessels that the neck is filled with oxygen, tissues and cells are protected from death. Naturally, the interruption of blood flow can cause tumors and other neoplasms.

The aches and pains

Types of pain

Pain in the neck is characterized by various types and distinctive feeling. Neck in the human body performs an important motor, gives it the ability to rotate the head and to increase the visibility. It also connects the head and the spine, providing the vertical position of the body. If a neck ache, it could be even from the awkward movement, a sharp turn or tilt. This neck pain usually disappears very quickly. Sometimes, the discomfort persists until the end, people get used to them, starts to hurt, not only the neck but the spine – then you need to see what happens, pain in the neck:

  1. Acute pain can occur from sudden rotation or tilting. At this point, the muscles, the ligaments and tendons of the neck fixed and one feels strong pressure on the nerves.
  2. The pain is a dull character that appears in the result of long-term injuries of the spine, cramps and fatigue.
  3. Sometimes the pain appears suddenly and without.
  4. The tight nature at the spine, the hands, the head and shoulders.
  5. Sore neck on moving the head.
  6. Numbness of this area of the body, the reduction of the sensitivity.
  7. Sore throat, at the front with concomitant diseases of the respiratory system.

These types of feelings are basic, when a person is faced with these unpleasant symptoms. In addition, the pain may change and evolve in the most severe form, affecting other parts of the body.


The source of the pain must be taken that it is not always associated with a cervical Department of the spine. Modern medicine now knows a lot about what can trigger this violation, because without giving any reason, you can't assign the treatment active. Causes of pain in the neck can be:

  1. The deposition of salts in the cervical spine can cause pain in the neck. Cervical osteochondrosis and arthrosis are very common diseases, such as young people and the elderly ages. In view of these diseases can be clearly hear the crack of the disks, in severe cases, the cervical spine loses its mobility, turning my head very difficult.
  2. Spasms of the muscles. If sore throat by spasms of muscles – pain is a character education attacks. Especially when it is directed towards feels stronger. In this case, the pain may recede by itself or after taking painkillers.
  3. Hernia is a serious condition that affects the shoulder girdle, spine, the neck is the lesser evil, but that it represents the pressure exerted in these parts of the body.
  4. The conditions of work. Sedentary work, occasional change of body position increases the risk of violations.
  5. The appearance of tumors. The appearance of tumors and is one of the most dangerous processes. Of course, modern medicine in this case was to give a push forward for the elimination and treatment of benign tumors, however, the disease does not always want to retire and tumors can develop into malignant. The examination in this case is necessary.
  6. Myelopathy – problems in the spinal cord, the result of injuries, infectious diseases and various inflammations.
  7. At the same time, the diseases that affect the musculoskeletal system, bones and cartilage.

Factors and causes are very much asking the question "why the sore throat?", the person who is lost and does not know where to start the examination and diagnosis.


Any type of pain in the body must be removed. What to do if a sore neck? Of course, to go to the doctor, preferably a qualified, that he put a clear diagnosis and prescribe an effective treatment. Can help the following professionals:

  • Medical injury, orthopedist or surgeon.
  • Therapist.
  • Rheumatologist.

These are the basic medical profiles, who takes treatment of pain in the neck.

Beginning diagnosis is the collection of blood and urine (biochemical and General) for the installation of the diseases in the different components. Elevated levels of leukocytes, the presence of free protein in the urine and in addition it is a violation of many organs. In the diagnosis of diseases of this analysis, it is necessary to take.

In the list of manipulations that are extra include:
  1. The magnetic resonance imaging. You can assess the functioning of muscles, nerves and blood vessels to check blood flow, to assess the soft tissues. The MRI is a very informative method of research.
  2. Computed tomography helps to explore the damaged areas of the neck, to consider the composition of the disk, pathology.
  3. Electromyography. He explores the nerves and nerve irritation, by means of the stimulus is artificial, that it acts on the nervous system in the neck.
  4. X-ray makes a clear image of the region and seven vertebrae. Performed in multiple projections for a more accurate review.

Through these studies, which are conducted in modern equipment, you can easily identify all the sources and the reasons for the neck pain and what to do in this case.

The doctor also evaluates the condition of the neck by inspection and palpation:
  1. Evaluates reflexes, a stage of sensitivity of muscle contraction.
  2. Touch the neck for the installation of deformed parts.
  3. Inspects the neck and the head.

Effective diagnostic method is ultrasound examination of the vessels of the brain and the neck, that will be fixed, if there are spasms in the brain, as does the blood show any tumors.

When we are talking about infectious diseases that affect the neck, to proceed with the treatment in this case is not necessary, because the infection can spread and lead to death. The doctor prescribes an examination bacteriological, which is able to identify the environment in which they live and breed bacteria.

An increased level of leukocytes in the General analysis of blood indicates that the body is fighting the infection.

In occipital neuralgia, pain in the neck occur often enough, this suggests that the muscles, nerves and ligaments put pressure on the other. The patient becomes difficult to perform locomotor movements and rotation of the head, the numbness of the neck. To diagnose this disease in MRI and CT. When the cause is not established, the doctor can make occipital neuralgia in the first degree.


After the methods of diagnosis of pain in the neck and its causes, a doctor can make a diagnosis and prescribe a suitable treatment. Methods of treatment at the time very much, but the main and the most important always remain the same:

  1. Compulsory medical drugs.
  2. Gymnastics and medical physical culture.
  3. Massage courses.
  4. Physiotherapy.

In addition, doctors also suggest to use the traditional medicine. In the majority of cases it gives the desired effect and a positive effect on the body.

The medication

Apply the following group of drugs:

  1. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs - Diclofenac, Nimesil. They block pain and cramping, act quickly and time to preserve the effects of an analgesic. The injections in the muscle will be much more effective than the tablets, and solutions.
  2. Narcotic analgesics – Morphine, Codeine. They are used only if treatment with Nsaids does not help, since these drugs are very strong and have pronounced side effects.
  3. Vasodilators – are able to improve the composition of the blood and structure of blood vessels, to prevent bleeding and to improve the flow of blood.
  4. Chondroprotectors – substances that can improve the metabolism in tissues and organs that have been subjected to inflammation. With your help in the affected area receives the required amount of the desired organic and inorganic components.

A question as what to do when a sore throat don't wake up, if you follow all doctor's recommendations in taking these funds.

Gymnastics and physiotherapy

In moments of great pain to perform exercises of gymnastics is not recommended, as the pain may increase, but as the prevention of them during the period of relief to perform. Useful are the following exercises:

  1. Tilt the neck to the shoulders. 2-3 sets of 20.
  2. Turning the head to one side. 2-3 sets of 20.
  3. Circular movements of the head. 2-3 sets of 20.

These are the basic exercises that you must perform in pain. They perfectly cope with it, tighten the muscles and increase the flow of blood.

Massage and manual therapy

In our time without a massage any place, so that a course of 10 treatments would be sufficient for the normalization of the motor function of the cervical spine, muscle tension, therefore, eliminated. To perform the massage by yourself, slightly to stretch the neck from the nape.

Massage Physiotherapy

Physiotherapeutic methods are carried out under the supervision of a doctor and are considered effective in pain relief. Use electrophoresis, laserotherapy and shock wave. Its action is aimed at the nerves and tissue recovery takes place after the third treatment.

From pain in the neck to save, any treatments in any case the effect. The pain gradually fades away and at one point disappears and does not return for a long time. As a preventive measure, the doctors suggested to move more, to do morning exercises and eat well so the body has all the necessary trace elements.