The correct posture of the student is the subject of the concerns of parents and doctors. What is the posture and how the curvature affects the health of schoolchildren — will be discussed in the article.
The posture is formed during the growth and development of the child from an early age. The student with the correct posture you should not have any deviations prescribed anatomical standards. People with properly planted stance, seen from far away. No follow always straight on, have an easy gait, back is not bent.
Incorrect posture in school-age
The position predefined congenital or hereditary features, and also the transferred diseases, injuries. This pathology can be the consequence of a sedentary life. Students in the classroom, sitting at a table at home — learn lessons on your Desktop. During school hours, for an average of 5-6 classes, the children from the fatigue. From the stillness decreases the perception of the curriculum.
Often incorrect posture in the school due to the fact that prolonged sitting at a Desk causes of the stagnation of the circulation of the blood. Tired of muscles of the back, the spine, the neck, the legs. About the signs of fatigue, saying the shoulders and collapsed his head, the movement of the chair. All these factors adversely affect the proper formation of the posture of the student. At an early age child has the ability to move actively, since its incorporation in the school, that should sit more.
The children need to explain about the importance of the right to accept the position in the table. During the execution of the written work the shoulders should be disclosed, to be at the same level and the head slightly inclined. The student should be able to relax behind a Desk in those moments in which the teacher explains the lesson. At this time you can relax and trust firmly in the back of a chair. Observe the important princes, posture problems can be avoided.
As there is a curvature of the posture
A list of the main reasons that lead to bad posture:
- transferred before the injury or the disease;
- the neglect of the active life;
- insufficient comments in the lessons of physical culture;
- the discrepancy of the norms of the desk in relation to the growth of the student;
- the fatigue of prolonged sitting;
- a wrong position on a Desktop;
- inadequate lighting in the work place;
- problems with the vision.
In order to avoid the manifestation of the problem with the stance is to eliminate factors distorting it.How to determine the violation
Bad posture arises in the body: an unnatural slouch, the asymmetry of the location of the shoulders, the swelling of the belly. In medicine this phenomenon is characterized as the curvature of the spine is scoliosis. To determine and identify the defects of posture in school age will help to deliver a baby.
The survey is conducted in the standing position. The heels should be placed together, toes on the floor at an angle of 45 degrees. When violations are identified, and extends from the rules of anatomical symmetry, it is recommended to study the back x-rays. This must be done to detect disorders of the spine.
Visible signs of the state for the worsening of the diseases that can arise due to changes caused by the posture. The systematic research of the child at the Desk in poor posture is complemented with a secondary, more serious symptoms. For example, one leg may be shorter than the other.Scoliotic posture
The curves of the spine in human form from an early age. The violations occur due to the impact to the back of a number of factors adverse. In the time without noticing the problem, the student will acquire additional curvature. As a result, in adult life that affect health. In scoliosis the spine is bent to one side, usually the right.
If congenital scoliosis is all clear, as can be the consequence of genetic predisposition. With acquired disease much worse things could be. Sometimes parents do not pay attention to the problem for many years. When the infringement does not notice in time, through corrective exercise and control specialists can easily restore.
Exercises posture students
Simple exercises are in the form of warm-up to relieve the fatigue and stress of the spine. Interactions with physical systems, to the formation of a correct posture of the students, it is possible to achieve significant results. To perform the exercises recommended along with their parents, or independently. The complex is as follows:
- Of the foot with the buttocks pressed against the wall, stand together, heel, and then move the hands to the sides of the shoulder. Palms forward, to simulate the cover with the hands on the wall.
- For a correct posture child enough to stand exactly on the wall. Lift your arms, stretch back. To count from 1 to 10. Relax, the further down the arm.
- Exercise in the prone position. It is necessary to stretched along the body, hands and feet. Based on the belly and the chest, at the same time raise the arms and the legs. Good results can be achieved if it maintains the position of the hands and feet for a few seconds. Go back to the original position, repeat the exercise.
- Lying on the back to simulate Cycling. The legs should be at an angle of 45 degrees. To do manipulation with intervals of one minute to 10 groups.
More complex of physical exercises for correction of posture is better to do only under the supervision of experts, trainer or doctor.The prevention of postural disorders
An excellent prevention will be the self-control of the position of the back in standing and sitting. The back should always be straight. When sitting still it is necessary to make a pause, you can lean on the back of a chair or stand up to walk. If necessary, adjust the height of the table is comparable to the growth of the child.
In the position of the foot to better distribute the load, by leaning alternately on one and on the other leg. Instead of a long stay in a place, it is useful to go back and forth. To lift the bag or fell to the floor the subject is not necessary to tilt the head back, just sit back, bend your knees.
Sitting at a Desk or in a chair you want the boy back tight against the backrest. The lessons of sit in a vertical position, not tilting forward the back and the head. The feet have to be on the floor. Otherwise, under the table you must put a footrest or manage place of work.
Do not underestimate the damage that a bag. The use of these accessories is the backpack and directly threatens the curvature of the spine. Explain to the child how the correct posture is important for students, it is recommended to give more recommendations.Guidelines to improve posture
For the correct body position for school age children it is useful to observe the following rules and to make simple recommendations:
- must be well organized place to sleep, the presence of an orthopedic mattress and comfortable pillows;
- don't forget to bring the shoes, depending on the size of the feet;
- the lack of physical activity, active games, walking is also a great advantage;
- it is unacceptable to stand or sit in a foot;
- in general, affected by carry heavy loads, it is not necessary to fill in the portfolio with unnecessary books.
In order to develop the correct posture, you need to follow the recommendations and use the existing methods that have been developed for its improvement.