Back pain in the lower back: symptoms, causes, what methods of treatment.

Why is there pain in the lower back

Pain in the lumbar region of the back is very common. Paleontologists and biologists believe that this is a consequence of this evolutionary acquisitions, like bipedalism.

The main reasons

It is possible to allocate two groups of factors that contribute to the appearance of pain in the lumbar region.

Diseases of the spine and the internal organs

The pain can arise from congenital or acquired diseases.

Thus, in congenital malformations, in particular, include:

  • changes and fissures of the vertebrae;
  • irregular shape of the vertebrae, which are shortening or lengthening.

Crack vertebrae: 1,2 rear, 3,4-lateral, 5-7-front

These problems can occur completely asymptomatic or can be accompanied by acute pain when performing certain types of drops, difficulty in moving, problems with urination, mental retardation.

Causes of lower back pain can have a neurological nature if:

  • the pinched nerve of the spine (which may describe the pain as severe and sudden);
  • lumbar degenerative disk disease, which develops as a result of a sedentary and sedentary lifestyle and causes nagging pain due to overexertion of the muscles;
  • sciatica, which is characterized by atrophic changes of the sciatic nerve (most often the pain this illness leaves in the buttocks, occurs sharply and suddenly).
  • the multiple sclerosis (a chronic autoimmune disease sheath of nerve fibers of the spinal cord and the brain, which causes pain of different localization, severity, and difficult to heal).

In addition, the severe pain of this nature can also cause:

  • degenerative sacroiliitis is a severe disease that represents a chronic inflammatory state on the surface of the sacroiliac joint;
  • osteoporosis, the cause of which is the lack of calcium in the body or violation of its exchange (in the initial stages of the disease is characterized by chronic pain, the pain, cramps, change in posture).

Another type of pain in the area lumbar pain with the that reflects the character.

Can be characteristic symptom of several diseases of different organs and systems:

  • urogenital infections (chlamydia, ureaplasmosis);
  • unstable bowel function and neoplastic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • hemorrhoids arising from work sedentary;
  • tumors and polyps in the uterus;
  • complications of catarrhal diseases (angina pectoris, influenza, SARS);
  • radiculitis (cause lumbar pain radiating to the leg).

In some cases, the cause can be:

  • physiological changes (pregnancy, childbirth, menstruation);
  • excess of physical activity (especially lifting);
  • sudden increase in weight;
  • for epidural anesthesia.

What diseases and conditions back pain?

Causes of pain in men

Causes of pain in men

Lower Back pain in men can have different etiology and are characterized by their distinguishing characteristics.

Age and hormonal changes have little effect on the men of the spine, however, often problems with the gland of the prostate can cause characterized by profound mild pain.

The main causes of pain in the lumbar region of the spine in men are:


Often people are not dedicated to their work, physical work, have weakness of the muscles of the back, especially of the more extensive muscle.

The ability to distribute the load physical it is necessary to develop.

When lifting weights untrained person carries all the weight at the bottom of the back, not the biceps, triceps or muscles of the chest. The result is a stretching of the latissimus dorsi muscle.

When stretched the pain that appears and occurs, decreasing during the hot compresses, heating ointments.

You can feel if you stand long, and remains in the position of supine.


The cause of the fracture can be so severe trauma injuries and banal.

To change the position of the intervertebral disc and a fracture of the lumbar spine can cause even a bad step or loss of balance.

A symptom of a fracture is acute pain in the lower part of the lower back or in the coccyx.

Sometimes the pain moves to the top or bottom of the limbs, aggravated by change of posture.

Tumor metastasis genitals

The pain of metastasis of the bone tissue of the spine is the strongest, at times becoming unbearable.

The visit to the oncologist should not be delayed when a back pain or penis and testicles.

This pain can be removed only with powerful drugs, the process of necrotic tissue changes stop likely to fail.

Kidney disease

Approximately one-third of the male patients with low back pain suffer from problems of kidney.

Pain in the kidneys is enhanced during movement and prolonged stay in an upright position. At rest, the pain disappears.

If you long to stand, the pain may gradually increase.

This is due to the fact that the liquid flows to the kidneys and creates excess pressure on the spine.

After the alcohol back pain can also increase.


This disease causes lower back pain right side and back. Sometimes the pain experienced in the groin.

Other symptoms of prostatitis are feeling a burning sensation when urinating, erection problems.

The main cause of disease is stagnation of the blood in the capillaries or bacterial infection.

Causes of pain in women

Causes of pain in women

The woman's body is constantly exposed to hormonal changes and shocks.

Certain types of pain in the woman's body are produced in the standard and are not alarming.

The pain associated with the menstrual cycle

The pain that occur at different times of the menstrual cycle does not necessarily indicate any type of pathology:

  • When menstruation enlarged uterus puts pressure on the muscles of the back, causing discomfort;
  • If the pain arise before my period 7-8 days, and given in the abdomen, which indicates the need to revise the diet. It is best to include in your diet more foods rich in fiber and fruit acids.
  • Pain in the middle of the cycle can be associated with the release of an egg from the ovary;
  • Pain after menstruation evidence of problems in the reproductive system, in this case, a visit to a specialist.

The pain caused by pregnancy

In the first few weeks when the woman is not aware of their situation, which could hurt the lower back and abdomen. This type of pain in the nature resemble premenstrual and often coincide with them in time.

The delay period in this case may indicate a pregnancy or an infectious process.

Sometimes there may be a little spotting, that are associated with the implantation of the egg in the uterus wall.

If the pain in the lower part of the abdomen and lower back, and the month, the first thing you need to do is a pregnancy test.

Often, this type of pain to accompany the woman for several months, in these cases, the doctor suggests that supplementation with magnesium.

During pregnancy, especially in the last stages, the majority of women faced with the pain above or below the waist.

This is due to the growing belly exerts a heavy load on the muscles of the back.

If the pain is constant and is associated with active, expectant mother necessary support, which will distribute the load between the different groups of muscles.

If the lower back hurts during sleep and in the morning, the more likely it is that a woman asleep in an uncomfortable position.

To help special pillow for sleep that supports the body and prevent muscle tension. The back pain night must pass.

Towards the end of the pain can be concentrated in the lower part of the back right or left: it does not indicate the position of the fetus, and the posture of bending.

The pain may occur of the pregnant woman, when she sits, it rests completely on the base.

After an abortion

Women that decide to interrupt the pregnancy or do so for medical reasons, almost 100% of cases complain of pain after an abortion.

Pain can be:

  • inflammation of the inner lining of the uterus (endometritis);
  • the stress of the women;
  • the contraction of the uterus after the abortion.

The pain may radiate to the leg or to concentrate in the lower part of the lower back.

The pain associated with the part

After delivery, women often experience back pain. Sometimes the pain is localized there where the coccyx or sacrum where. This is due to injuries and sprains received during the part.

To prevent pain can, doing special exercises during pregnancy or during your visit to the pool.

Mothers can also make a set of exercises, paying special attention to your posture.

If the pain is accompanied by an increase of the temperature to 37 degrees and above, the woman abruptly thrown into a fever, should consult a doctor.

Maybe it's the infectious process.

The pain caused by diseases of the female reproductive tract

To typically female diseases, a symptom of which is pain in the lower back include:


This inflammation of the bladder, which is inherent to women. Cystitis is easy to treat and diagnose.

Urine tests for the presence of this disease is if urinating is burning, pull the bottom of the back when leaning forward, the increase of the body temperature.

Infectious processes in the vagina

A number of inflammation in women causing pain in the prone position.

This can be candidiasis, vaginosis bacterial or viral disease.

Similar pain can also be a symptom of kidney damage.

Inflammation of the appendices

If women suffer from the lower back and ovaries, I felt a burning sensation when urinating, a fever higher than 38 degrees, the required ultrasonic diagnosis and treatment under the supervision of a specialist (a course of injections or oral drugs).

The pain associated with diseases of internal organs

Diseases of the bowel or stomach can cause pain in the spine.

Sometimes the pain in these disorders can strongly radiate — to give a leg up or to give in the stomach.

A similar clinical picture is that the brain incorrectly interpretiruya signal, which serves to organs.

If a sore lower back and right side, this indicates a problem with the liver or the pancreas.Pain in the left side indicates appendicitis or colic intestinal.

On the left side, pain can occur while running or other physical exercises. It passes quickly and is not dangerous for the health.

In the coccyx possible sensation of tingling and persistent pain.

What do you do?

The use of ointments

This type of medications are very effective to quickly improve your health at home.

The use of ointments

The ointment helps to relieve inflammation, tension, having the effect of warming, if a cold".

There are the following groups of ointments:

  • anti-inflammatory painkillers (they are compounds of medicinal substances for the cooling effect, soothes the irritation — menthol, lavender, and analgesics);
  • combination of drugs (used for sprains and injuries, along with anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties have a healing effect for its component of heparin, dimethylsulfoxide);
  • drugs irritant (effect based on the expansion of blood vessels and the blood flow to the source of the pain);
  • chondroprotectors (one of the active ingredients of these drugs is the chondroitin sulfate used in pathological processes in the cartilage that the active promotion of the restoration of cartilage surfaces of the joints).


The action, which is achieved by injections, similar to taking appropriate ointments or oral drugs.

The distinctive features of this type of therapy are:

  • Speed. Fast relief of pain only is it possible to get medicines into the bloodstream or the muscle.
  • Efficiency. The injections help to deliver the active component as a goal. The active substance, therefore, not destroyed in the gastrointestinal tract.
  • The need of the presence of a specialist. Do the injections alone is difficult, so you need or a daily visit to the clinic or call a nurse at home.
  • It is possible to use only on prescription. For the treatment of discomfort and severe pain with injections may consult only the doctor and prescribe the necessary medication. In order to acquire the majority of them are available by prescription only.


This method of getting rid of pain is more related to the traditional medicine.

Warming good help for the pain after the nature — sprains, hernias, curvature, osteochondrosis.

In these cases, it is recommended to commit to 10 treatments a day.

Infectious process, the heat causes the blood flow to the affected tissue and increases the pain.



The massage helps to get rid of the pain of the lumbar spine.

It is possible to rely on a specialist in a clinic or done at home, in any case, the benefits will be of great value.

The positive therapeutic effects of massage are:

  • improve the blood supply to diseased part of the body;
  • knead the muscles, which makes the ligaments more flexible and elastic;
  • the relief of pain acute;
  • get rid of the accumulated in the muscles and the subcutaneous tissue of the toxins;
  • a pleasant sensation through the stimulation of the nerve endings of the skin;
  • the positive emotions.

Thus, when the massage is combined with the adoption of the bathtub or the swimming pool.

Especially, it is useful to take a steam bath with brooms made of birch or oak, which stimulates all the vital processes and the overall improvement of body tone.