The main reasons for pain in the low back

Almost everyone can suffer from back pain at the bottom. To get rid of this type of pain need to determine the cause of their occurrence. This can help the specialist. What hurts the lower back, and as this pathology correctly to treat?

The causes of the phenomena pathological

Pain in the lower back

Any kind of pain is a sign of violations of the human body. If a low back pain, the reasons can be very diverse. They can be classified into the following groups:

  1. Home fatigue.
  2. Problems related to the dysfunction of the spine.
  3. Gynecological diseases.
  4. The period of pregnancy.
  5. Urolithiasis and kidney disease.
  6. Urology pathology.
  7. Alterations in the bowel.

The pain may be of a different nature, i.e., chronic or acute, or sudden, coming, constant, or pain. There is pain and the men and women, and even children.

More often susceptible to back pain these categories of people:

  1. Have suffered the injury.
  2. Over the age of 50 years.
  3. Have problems with the musculoskeletal system.
  4. In the story, that there are other chronic diseases.
  5. The abuse of addictions.
  6. Women who are pregnant.
The treatment of such pain depends on the cause that provoked its appearance. It is, as a general rule, the attending physician after an examination.

Problems with the spine

The most common cause of pain in the lumbar region and the sacrum, generally considered to be pathological processes in the spine. The diseases that cause this kind of pain following:

  • osteochondrosis;
  • a herniated disk;
  • injuries to the spine;
  • spondiloarthrosis;
  • osteoporosis;
  • stenosis of the spinal canal;
  • Bechterew's disease;
  • neoplasms.

In addition to all this, there are factors that also affect the functioning of the spine, so that there may appear lower back pain. Are the following:

  • the strong increase of gravity from top to bottom;
  • incorrect posture when working at a Desk;
  • the fatigue associated with frequent bending during operation, for example, in the country;
  • always uncomfortable fixed position in the car;
  • overload training, especially for beginners.

Lower Part of the back to the left and the right can also hurt from lifting weights with one hand, resulting in a sharp bend of the spine in the opposite direction. Still the pain left in the bottom of the back indicates the advanced stage of the disease. These include:

  • displacement of intervertebral disc with osteochondrosis;
  • the curvature of the spine;
  • tuberculosis;
  • the development of tumors.

Pain in the bottom on the right side, the cause may be intestinal, diseases, hormone disruption and obesity.

The right solution for the manifestation of this type of pain in the left and the right is in contact with the specialist for advice.

Pathology gynecological

Pain in the lower back in women can be associated not only with diseases of the spine, and with problems gynecological.

Back pain in women

Among these there are:

  • the threat of detachment of the ovum in the first trimester of pregnancy;
  • infectious diseases of the pelvis organs;
  • cancer of the cervix;
  • the inflammation of the membrane lining of the uterus (endometritis);
  • prolapse or prolapse uterine;
  • ectopic pregnancy;
  • rupture of ovary or cyst, twisted;
  • fibroids ovarian.

The previous list of diseases require treatment urgently in a medical institution.

Also a common cause of back pain after the birth, there is a rupture of the muscles of the pelvic floor. The symptoms are pain felt, then not only lower back, abdomen, lower back and sacrum.

Most often, the back pain and the lower part of the abdomen of the female of the half due to the menstrual cycle. In this period, increases the production of the so-called pain mediators called prostaglandins. In a certain period of menstruation, the pain itself disappears.

During pregnancy symptoms of low back pain can also be. This is because the fetus grows, it becomes larger in size, and the ability to carry loads in women tend to decrease. In addition, progesterone, which is actively produced during pregnancy makes the joints and ligaments weak.
Kidney diseases and problems of urology

Lumbar pain can be treated by doctors as one of the symptoms of kidney disease nephritis. In this case, the pain of a permanent nature, and if you have kidney stones, which are aggravated by agitation and walking. With the development of the cystitis pain symptoms are felt more in the suprapubic part, but it can give and in the lower part of the back. Additional symptoms of these diseases, for a more correct diagnosis are:

  • cramps and burning when you urinate;
  • fever;
  • the change of color of urine;
  • General Discomfort.

If men appear to lower back pain, the first thing is to exclude this type of pathological processes, such as prostatitis and adenoma. This will help you and other symptoms of this type of diseases of the prostate:

  • reduced power;
  • difficult urination:
  • discharge from the urethra.

If prostatitis is acute, and the symptoms be pronounced, if it is in the chronic stage, is scarce.

Intestinal diseases

We must not forget the problems in different sections of the intestine that also cause the appearance of low back pain. These include appendicitis, colitis, proctitis. Lumbar pain in this case is one of the symptoms of this type of diseases. In addition to it can be extended on the sides, possible fever, intestinal disorders in the form of diarrhea or constipation. Colitis in stool can be detected on a mixture of blood, mucus, pus.

In General, a proper and clear picture about the development of back pain will indicate the attending physician after the diagnosis, which includes a variety of tests, that is to say:

  • General analysis of blood and urine;
  • biochemical analysis of blood;
  • smear of the secretions from the genitals;
  • urine analysis according to Nechyporenko, zimnitskiy;
  • x-rays of the spine;
  • The MRI and CT;
  • Ultrasound of internal organs;
  • endoscopy of the intestine.

If necessary, the above enumerated list can be added to a physician and other evidence in order to answer correctly the question of why a lower back pain.


Causes of back pain in the bottom of a large variety, ranging from the simple feeling of tiredness during the year for serious diseases. Such a pain cause patient discomfort, and may not have to move. On this basis, it is important to go to a specialist for help to install the reason and the correct diagnosis. It is not recommended to delay the treatment so as not to aggravate the situation.