It is believed that this disease is not treatable and disappears. But, in reality, things can be much more difficult. What could be the causes of back pain and some of them need medical attention?
Approximately 85% of cases of chronic or occasional back pain associated with excess stress. Don't be surprised: even if you do not exercise, do not carry heavy things and dig in the beds day and night, the muscles of the back still daily strain. When you feel, for example, in front of the monitor, which must keep the largest part of your body. Therefore, doctors recommend that people working at the table as possible "deeper" to sit in a chair, leaning on his back.
However, the diagnosis of "tired again" no one will deliver. As a general rule, mild back pain attributed to "undetermined causes" (this may be temporary damage to the muscles or ligaments) and is treated with rest and the correct body posture in the chair. If the pain does not disappears after 2 weeks or recur regularly, you should ask your doctor to do a more detailed exam.
According to the American medical Association, the diagnosis is about 4% of patients with back pain. Compression fracture — fracture of a vertebra, most frequently in the elderly and osteoporotic patients. In this disease, bones become less dense and can break simply under the pressure of body weight. Therefore, fractures as a result of injuries in this category are not included. So that the patient can't see as it breaks the vertebra to talk about it only acute pain persistent.
These fractures are treated with strict bed routine and medications aimed at reducing pain.
Herniated disk — a fairly common problem, often occurring in people above 40 (though it can be diagnosed before the age). — The cause of the degeneration of muscles and connective tissues. With age, the spine as if "settling" the vertebrae are pressed closer to each other, the intervertebral discs are flattened and bulge beyond the vertebral column. The result is the same compression of the nerve roots, which leads to a strong pain in the lower back and legs.
As a general rule, the location of your pain can tell the doctor where there may be a hernia. But to confirm the diagnosis and accurately determine the location of the hernia is usually performed with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
This condition occurs in 5-7% of the population, even though it is diagnosed much less frequently (most often for chronic lower back pain, people don't pay attention). Spondylolisthesis at the foot of one of the vertebrae (normally 5 lumbar), is deformed, causing the bell "crawls" at the bottom, curved in the same forward or backward. The relevant portion of the spine is done as a scale and not a stick.
The symptoms are the same pain in the lower back, sometimes, on the buttocks, can rarely give in the lower extremities. Misaligned vertebrae can compress nerve roots extending from the spinal cord that leads to pain.
Another name for this disease — ankylosing spondylitis. More common in men, both older and younger people. Women make less than a sixth of all patients.
It is primarily manifested by pain and stiffness in the lower back, aching pain in the hips, constant tension of the muscles of the back. The reason is the inflammation of the joints and ligaments of the spine. It is a chronic progressive disease that is to say, the celebration of the lumbar region of the spine, the inflammation extends to the neck and chest. In addition, over time, can affect the connective tissue of internal organs, cardiovascular system, kidneys, lungs and even eyes. However, the disease is quite rare — it "set" for about 0,35 patients.
Approximately 0.7% of patients complain of back pain after detecting the cancer. Could be the cancer, initially localized in the spine, or tumors and metastasis to other organs. As you can see in the statistics, these cases are very rare: usually, the cancer is "caught" by other symptoms, and if you don't have cancer diseases before, back pain is not portends that this terrible diagnosis.
Infection of the spine
One of the few causes of back pain (0,01%). Normally, the infection starts with the spine, and reaches to the waist through the bloodstream to other parts of the body from the urinary canal, for example. As other lesions infectious, usually accompanied by fever. However, a combination of "back pain + fever" does not mean that you are infected spine. The flu, for example, can cause the same symptoms.