Back pain: causes, signs, symptoms, treatment

Back pain is a symptom that was manifested by every person at least once in your life. Medical statistics is that over the course of his life, pain in this area occur in about 80% of the population in the European countries. At the same time, doctors began to sound the alarm, given that this symptom became "younger". If the lower back pain on the right or left that you could give or not give to the leg, was the prerogative of the elderly, now the average age of the main manifestations of 35 to 45 years old. Often it is diagnosed even in teenagers. All of this suggests that the question – why is it a pain in the low back, the answer is that everyone should know, as no one is immune to the appearance of this type of sensations.

back pain

In fact, the causes of the progression of this pathology much. Often the pain in the lumbar region accompanied by pain, sciatica, back pain, various diseases of lumbosacral. It is important to understand that if you observe this symptom, is, in any case, impossible to ignore. Of course, it can trigger quite physiological reasons, such as increased physical activity or hypothermia. But also the pain in this area can be the first sign of progression of serious diseases in the human body. It is important to go immediately to the reception by a doctor qualified who will be able to establish the true cause of this condition and prescribe the correct treatment.


Depending on your location:

  • local. In this case, the pain syndrome is manifested in a particular place in the lumbar region. In some cases the pain radiates to the leg. Often the pain in the back, below the waist;
  • widespread. In this case, the pain syndrome extends not only to the lumbar region, but also all the back.

Depending on the duration of the pain syndrome can be distinguished:

  • recurring pain;
  • permanent.

Recurring pain

The name of this symptom is due to the fact that it disappears after it is removed from the pain, and the person is fully recovered. Often the discomfort of this type appear as a consequence of the irregularity of the physical activity or physiological characteristics of the human body. But often the cause of periodic pain becomes the pathology of internal organs, acute. It should be noted that pain, the causes of which are diseases of vital organs, can be of two types:

  • radiant;
  • reflected.

Persistent pain

Usually causes symptoms of pain of this type are:

  • the inflammation in the bone and cartilage structures;
  • processes of dystrophy and destruction in the bones and cartilages;
  • violations of the circulation of the blood in the vessels of the legs.

Much less a cause of constant pain in the lumbar region is the muscle damage structures or internal organs. On the progression of the pain syndrome of this type to say that if to remove the pathological focus is almost impossible, since the mechanism of degradation of bone and cartilage has already been released. The point here is that in medicine today there are almost no tools that could remove dystrophic or degenerative processes in the human body.

The main reasons for the manifestation of chronic pain:

  • the defeat of the nerve fibers that go from the vertebrae of the lumbar region;
  • damage in the nervous system nodules, localized near the spine in the region of the lumbosacral and lumbar.

Diseases, the appearance of which is accompanied by constant pain in the lumbar region:

  • lumbago;
  • intervertebral osteochondrosis;
  • sciatica;
  • herniated lumbar;
  • scoliosis;
  • sciatica lower back (the pain often radiates to the leg);
  • thrombophlebitis. A characteristic feature is the strong pain that radiates to the leg is affected. Often there is also a strong inflammation around the blood vessels are damaged;
  • atherosclerosis 3 or 4 degrees;
  • rheumatoid arthritis;
  • ankylosing spondylitis;
  • spondylosis;
  • osteoporosis;
  • different length of the legs.

Pain syndrome in women

the causes of back pain

Often the question why it hurts loin of pork, ask the representatives of the beautiful half of humanity. Back pain, to the right or the left may be one of the first manifestations of the progression of the threat of gynecological diseases.

Reasons for pain in lower back right side and left side in women:

  • adnexitis. Above all, the pain localized in the abdomen, but can also give in the waist and even the leg;
  • torsion of ovarian cyst;
  • menopause;
  • pregnancy.

Pain in the lower back in men

Low back pain, to the left or to the right of the representatives of the stronger sex often occur because of the peculiarities of their professional activity. But you can also send a signal about the progression of the following diseases:

  • prostatitis;
  • epididymitis. The main place of localization of pain is inguinal region. But you can also give at the bottom of the back and legs.

Common Causes of pain

Low back pain, to the left or to the right evident due to the progression of the pathology of the gastrointestinal tract, kidney, diseases of the vital organs with infectious nature. Also this symptom can be a sign of the growth of cancer or surgical complication, a consequence of metabolic disorders.

Causes of lower back pain on the left and the right can be the following:

  • appendicitis. In this case, the main place of localization of pain is the right iliac fossa, but can occur in the lower part of the back. In general, it shows lower back pain right;
  • the cholecystitis. The pain often manifests itself in the right hypochondrium and radiates to the lower back. The proof of the manifestation of pain in the low back to the right (because of the location of the lesion of the gallbladder);
  • pancreatitis;
  • adhesions after surgery;
  • kidney pathology. In this case, you may have persistent lower back pain, and acute. According to the kidney is susceptible to pathological process, it is manifest lower back pain to the right or to the left. Painful sensations accompany pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis, nephrosclerosis and so on. Acute back pain often manifests itself on the background of urolithiasis, when it formed the conglomerate passes through the urinary tract;
  • obesity 4 degrees. Pain lower back pain is a consequence of the increase of the load in this area;
  • myositis. Acute low back pain, with this type of pathologies tend to appear to-severe hypothermia;
  • infectious processes that occur in the bone tissue. For this condition, which is characterized by the acute low back pain;
  • of the tumor. In the early stages, the pain may not be. Acute back pain is manifested in the 3-4 stage of cancer development.

Therapeutic measures

Normally, patients have to see not only the question of why a lower back pain, but also im wondering what to do in this situation? The algorithm steps may vary depending on whether the cause of the pain or not.

If the patient has no idea of what prompted a sharp pain in the lower back, the first thing you need to do is measure the temperature of the body. If it is high, so that there is a high probability of painful feelings caused by the progression of infectious diseases or inflammatory processes. Yourself to do nothing is not recommended – it is better to call a doctor or go to a medical center for consultation and diagnosis.

If the cause of pain is the stretching of the muscle fibres or injury, in this case, you can start by doing the following:

  • take anti-inflammatory medications. This measure of treatment will help to relieve the pain and reduce the inflammation;
  • yourself for treatment, you can take a diuretic drug;
  • fixation of the muscles and the bones of the lower back, through the towel.

What not to do:

  • if there has been a persistent manifestation of lower back pain that radiates to the leg, take pain killers constantly, it is not recommended. The elimination of the main symptoms (pain) then it can hamper the process of diagnosis;
  • as a method of treatment may turn to heat. Many people believe that if a warming of the affected area, the pain disappears. This is not so;
  • no need to go for treatment to the physician, if the violation of the position of the vertebrae. These changes may be the result of degenerative processes, therefore, there are no measures of treatment may not be used until, until after a thorough examination of the body.

Treatment of pain in the lumbar region is the doctor, the neurologist. A treatment plan is developed according to what has triggered the manifestation of pain. Methods can be both conservative and surgical. First, doctors usually decide to use the conservative methods of treatment, and only due to the inefficiency of resort to the surgery.

Medical treatment can consist in the reception of this type of drugs:

  • antibiotics;
  • anti-inflammatory;
  • glucocorticoid;
  • diuretics;
  • antispasmodics;
  • probiotics and other things.