Pain in the low back and radiates down the leg: causes, symptoms, treatment

Several back pain bother lately, not only of the elderly, but also very young. This situation is due to a strong decrease in the motor activity, lowered immune system, unhealthy lifestyle. As a result, suffer from all vital organs, including the spine.

low back pain radiating to the leg

Unlimited access compatriots in the drugs further aggravating the situation, instead of making sport and to monitor their health, the majority of the people take pain killers and that his treatment is over. As a result, over time, in large problems, the treatment of the disease is delayed in time and is much more expensive. Lumbar pain radiated to the leg, can cause disability total or partial disability. But even in the mild cases, which significantly lower the quality of life of the patients.

Why do I get lower back pain radiating to the leg

Without understanding the causes of the disease it is impossible to make adequate decisions. And the reason for the formation of pain can be understood only after it becomes evident the structure of the lumbar spine.

Often the cause of this type of pain is a swelling bundle of nerves coming from the spine. The nerves are arranged in a given set, it allows you to move the legs. Very swelling compresses nerves, are constantly working and sending signals to a pathological state in the brain. He reacts to them and to minimize the risks in addition to the compression of the nerve bundle makes movement painful, trying in this way to block the development of the disease.

A mechanism of survival of the organism, bad walking, try to spend more time in a state of calm. The rest allows the body to eliminate the bags and get back-the vertebrae in the physiological state. In consequence, decreases or disappears completely from the inflammation, the nerves no longer fixed alarming signals to the brain are not received, he does not send pain signals, the patient can move.

But this happens only in cases where the body through the mobilization of internal resources able to remove the cause of the swelling, without medical assistance. Unfortunately, this is not always the case, often without special treatment, the swelling did not occur. There are quite a lot of diseases that have as a result of experience the clinical.

The compression of the nerve endings

The spine is a large number of cord and roots, when they occur compression pain syndromes. Very often, this phenomenon is observed in patients with low back pain. With the increase of the disease increase the pain, in difficult cases it is difficult for any movement.

Table. Forms of the disease

The form of the diseaseDescription of the clinical
Muscle-tonicThe nerve endings are irritated the surrounding tissue, which, because of different processes changed. Fabrics take up space that houses the nerve endings, causing pain. Most often, these pains are pains in nature.
VascularDiscomfort occur due to spasmodic syndrome. Muscle spasm can be caused by the development of osteochondrosis. The attack is sudden and without apparent reason or appears after an uncomfortable twists of the torso, weight lifting, etc. There are external causes – prolonged stay in one position, a bad sharp turns of the torso, lifting weights excessive.
Vegetative-vascularThe leg not only hurts, but it numbs stop tingling, you can feel a strange cold or heat. With prolonged pain, quickens the heartbeat, skin pale.
CombinedThe diagnosis is very common, for example, a description, the doctors resort when it is impossible to determine the exact cause of pain.

What are the factors that increase the risk of disease

the cause of the pain

Back pain that is passed to the leg, called sciatica. The disease has no permanent clinical specificity, in the first place, allows you to make only preliminary conclusions.

There are several factors that increase the risks of the disease

  1. Long stay on his feet, especially if the shoes have high heels. In this case, the lumbar region give birth unnaturally bent, the load on the vertebrae increases, weak spinal discs do not support the increase of the load and change your settings. Increases the diameter of the sheath outside compresses the nerve fibers from the spine. Doctors recommended include the time for the relaxation of the spinal column, sit down, change shoes, do small exercises to strengthen the muscles of the back. A strong muscular system in the state a long time to keep a person's weight, thereby decreasing the load on the vertebrae.
  2. Pregnancy and excess weight. During pregnancy not only increases the weight of a woman, but unnaturally bent vertebrae. If, during this period, carefully follow the advice of the doctors, all unpleasant sensations disappear after delivery.
  3. Professional sports or heavy physical work. The load must be aligned with individual abilities.
  4. Congenital alterations of the spine. The growth of the disease can increase and reach critical values. The curvature of the spine often occurs due to lack of calcium in the growing body. But he digested only in the presence of vitamin D, which is formed under the influence of ultraviolet rays. Conclusion – active lifestyle, regular and prolonged exposure to the open air, reduces the probability of the disease.
  5. Output of intervertebral discs, hernia, deforming osteochondrosis. These diseases are very often the cause of back pain, which they give to the leg. Just after the onset of his symptoms in the majority of patients sent to the hospital, and only there learns about his true diagnosis.


The main symptom is pain and limitation of movement. When you change the position of the body, the intensity only increases, the reduction of discomfort only occurs to complete the rest of the patient. When walking the pain increases to a point that leg difficult to move, sick of all the time along pulling her. If the status is in progress, changes of posture, the patient leans forward and slouch.

The doctors say that it is a condition that is benign and never degenerates to the cancer. With timely treatment prognosis is very optimistic, but the progress of the disease in order to avoid not necessary. The sooner treatment begins, the less is the time it takes to reach a positive result.

In the first aspect, it is recommended to reduce physical activity and limit the amount of liquid. If, within the period of three or four days the pain does not go away, you have to go to a medical centre.

Special attention is necessary to treat your condition, if this phenomenon appeared after various injuries of the spine, accompanied by fever, redness of the skin at the bottom of the back. The deterioration of the sensitivity of the legs and the pelvic organs, spontaneous emission of urine and emptying of the colon serve as a signal for the immediate comprehensive health check at a hospital.

the position of the


The first time you visit the doctor learns the patient at the time of the first appearance of pain, possible causes, the dynamics of changes of state. The disease is not considered as a local disease and requires treatment of the cause. Patient necessarily sent to x-ray examination, magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography. Only a clear view of the affected injury allows the physician to make a correct diagnosis and develop the most effective treatment regime.

As relieves pain

Persistent or recurrent pain creates a large number of problems for humans and significantly impair quality of life. Treatment of the cause of the disease is recommended only after pain relief, these recommendations gives a modern global medicine. But any manipulation of the spinal column is strictly forbidden to do without an examination special medical equipment, which allows doctors to see visually the area affected and make the right decision. Sophisticated machines do the three-dimensional image that excludes the probability of error. Of course, if the doctor has the appropriate professional knowledge.

Cupping is done only in a medical center, home introduces two medications: a local anesthetic to relieve the pain and the hydrocortisone for therapeutic effect. Hydrocortisone reduces inflammation and swelling and promotes healing.

How does the relief

  1. Preparation of the patient during the procedure. The patient lies on a special table from a backup, iodine disinfected exploitation of the space.
  2. A special apparatus is adjustable so that the monitor was clearly visible area of the administration of medications and painful part.
  3. Under the constant surveillance of their actions, the doctor inserts problem the needle and syringe delivers the medicine.

The back pain and leg is just a few minutes. In addition, the patient may be directed to undergo other medical procedures and live a full life.


During acute symptoms the patient is recommended to rest, to relieve the severe pain the use of medications. To reduce inflammation may limit your intake of fluid if there are muscle spasms, appointed antispasmodics or muscle relaxants.

Unfortunately, for about of relief that we have is rarely used. There are two reasons:

  • the low supply of medical institutions with new equipment. For the relief need to have new x-rays, which allows you to perform all the manipulations in the line. The doctor on the monitor not only to view the affected area of the spine, but it is evident that controls all the movements of the syringe with needle. If this monitoring is not done, then the high risk of very negative consequences;
  • preserved from the Soviet times medical tradition, in which the pain of the patient is considered to be a natural condition. In our country, the anaesthetist still is involved only during the execution of complex operations. The word anaesthesia means insensibility in the developed countries, which has always been used for the relief of suffering, not only during operation but also during common therapeutic treatment. Live without pain – the motto of all the developed clinics. Following this motto, have at the slightest opportunity pain safely stopped, regardless of their location and caused reasons. Only in this condition the patient indicators is performing the treatment more.


The medical science recommends massage, manual therapy, mud baths, vitamins, and exercises therapeutic. All these procedures improve the blood flow in the organs affected by pathology. Improves blood flow stimulates regenerative processes in tissues, contributes to the fast development of the muscles of the spine. But all procedures can be performed after the elimination of the acute symptoms of the disease.

Surgical treatment

It is used in extreme cases, when drug therapy had proved ineffective or there is large risk of a sharp deterioration of the patient. During the operation, the damaged discs are removed partially or completely.



Tips not original to lead a healthy lifestyle and participate in restorative exercise or play some sport. The loads must be adjusted according to age and gender, and do not strive for great results, and aim to improve the health. It is recommended to constantly monitor the position, if necessary, to correct deviations detected.

As for folk remedies, in the world there are cases that the use of the red clay was able to completely replace a damaged spine, there is no confirmation of the efficacy of tea birch buds, relieve the pain radish black, the juice of agave, etc. It should be remembered that the use of these funds leads to delay visits to the doctor, the disease progresses, the treatment requires more time and financial resources.