When the back pain

Back pain is one of the most frequent reasons for visits to doctors all over the world. According to various sources, with this symptom at least once in my life found between 90% and 100% of adults. Back problems in the list of the main causes of the attention in the hospital.

Back pain is very different. Sometimes it is just a result of fatigue or muscle strain, but sometimes indicates a serious disease. The pain can occur between the shoulder blades, lower back, side of the spine, to give an arm or a leg. Often lead to the violation of the movements of the spine. Some people "pull" the other "pricks", the third in the back "fires". It is important to find and eliminate the cause, otherwise, with time, the symptom can be intensified, so that it will turn a man into a cripple.

To which diseases there is pain in the back?

back pain

Most often back pain are acute, that is to say, disturb not more than three months. Rarely, a more prolonged, chronic pain.

The more trivial the reason — the high exercise untrained men. Had to upload the council of ministers on the fourth floor of the house where there is no lift — and the next day the back starts "complaints".

Often the back starts to hurt after the injury. More often it's just a bruise, but sometimes there are more serious injuries of the spine: subluxations of the vertebrae, compression fractures. The correct diagnosis helps to establish an x-ray,computed tomography.

It is believed that a common cause of back pain — myofascial pain syndrome. To the rear there are areas of tension — the so-called trigger points. They become sources of pain.

Most of the people have been diagnosed with pain — low back pain. But many modern doctors, that raises questions. It is believed that low back pain is caused by degenerative changes of the spine. But these changes are almost all men after 40 years, however, the back pain is not at all.

If the disease, changes occur in the intervertebral disc, the dense outer portion is stretched and is destroyed, and the internal soft start bulging outside of the vertebrae putting pressure on nerve roots and the spinal cord, causing pain. This condition is called herniated disc.

Incorrect posture and scoliosis can also cause pain.

Osteoporosis is a common problem among women post-menopausal period. Bone tissue is destroyed, it loses density, including the vertebrae. A rare cause of pain in the back is a malignant tumor that compress the spinal cord and nerves.

You often have back pain?

There are some risk factors if they are present in your life, you have, sooner or later, with a chance of a sore back and you will have problems with the spine:

  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • weight;
  • flat feet;
  • excessive exercise;
  • frequent stress causes chronic muscle tension.

Often the pain can occur or increase during pregnancy.

In some cases, it is necessary to go to the doctor?

If the back pain a lot and lot of time, in any case, you should visit a neurologist. But some worrying signs - "screaming" about the visit to the doctor is a must:

• severe pain after trauma;
• back pain in combination with fever;
• incontinence of feces and urine;
• intense pain that radiates to the arm, leg, accompanied by numbness, tingling and other unpleasant sensations;
• intense pain, which always disturbs, persists even during the rest.

How to diagnose the cause of back pain?


In most cases, a neurologist may be called the cause of the pain after the inspection, without additional evidence. If the cause has to be clarified, resort to^

  • the x-ray,
  • CT,
  • magnetic resonance imaging,
  • electromyographic (record of electrical impulses in nerves and muscles by means of special electrodes),
  • it is sometimes necessary blood tests.

One of the easiest and fastest research that helps to assess the condition of the spine and to detect pathology — radiography. Normally the images are made in two planes, frontal and profile. Capture, usually 4-6 vertebrae adjacent that supposedly originated pathology.

X-rays of the spine help identify the disorders of the vertebrae (the bodies, arches and processes), intervertebral discs and joints, trauma (fractures, subluxations of the vertebrae), congenital anomalies, osteophytes (overgrowth of bone), osteoporosis and other changes.

How to treat back pain?

In the majority of cases of back pain are not caused by serious diseases. Unpleasant symptom you can cope with:

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Of medicine and gymnastics.
  • Massage.
  • Physiotherapy.
  • For many people, chiropractic help.
  • With some chronic back pain coping with the success of the antidepressants.

Very often diseases that cause back pain are very amenable to medical treatment. The operations that need to resort to rare. Of course, in some diseases more than to postpone the visit to the doctor and start the treatment, the growing changes in the spine, respectively, the growth and the opportunity to be on the table in the operating room.