Pain in the neck and back: diagnosis, symptoms, treatment

The pain of the back and neck happens at least once in the life of so many people.

Depending on the reasons for the discomfort, the person may need the help of a neurologist, internist, trauma surgeon or other specialists.

back pain and neck

Let's see in detail to what doctor to address, when the back and neck pain, what to do to help.


This is the inflammation of the muscles of the back, the neck, the lower back. Myositis can be a complication of some viral infections, such as influenza.

Myositis often occurs after hypothermia, prolonged stay in the wind open back and the neck. A sharp pain in peace, and the slightest movement.

Pain in the muscles when they touch the hot, dense, very painful.

This man is difficult to move, however, you should try to get to the doctor – the therapist or the neurologist.

After the exam, the doctor may prescribe additional study and analysis of x-ray to exclude other causes of pain.

If the diagnosis is confirmed, treated with myositis anti-inflammatory drugs, rest and physical therapy fairly quickly.

In myositis do not want to use the ointment and compresses the inflammation will occur.


A very common reason why there is pain in the neck and back pain common low back pain.

If it is soft cartilage between the vertebrate bones become thin and thick, that pinch the nerves, there is a spasm of the muscles of the back.

There is a strong pulling pain all over the neck and back if affected by these two parts of the spine.

It is best to consult a neurologist, but in the absence of assistance can be provided by a physician or a trauma surgeon. It is necessarily to perform x-ray or computed tomography.

Your doctor will see the changes of the vertebrae, characteristic of osteoarthritis. The treatment for a couple of weeks, with the inclusion of tablets, injections and ointments.

When the pain disappears, it is useful to use physical methods, such as acupuncture.

For the prevention of osteoarthritis should be young to do regular exercises.

Deforming spondiloarthrosis

Sometimes this hurts, upper back, or lower back in a specific place. The people is very to locate the source of pain.

This local pain is often spoken of deforming arthrosis.

This disease affects one or more joints of the spine, which affects all its parts.

In the case of suspected spondylosis man should visit a rheumatologist or neurologist.

After performing several tests, x-rays, ct scan – the doctor has to confirm or deny the diagnosis. Treated deforming spondiloarthrosis long.

To completely eliminate the movement of the joint impossible. With the help of anti-inflammatories and pain killers can only remove the discomfort.

prolapse and hernia

Often spondylosis occurs after an injury to the back.


Is the displacement of the vertebrae relative to each other.

Spondylolisthesis can occur after a trauma or because of the weakness congenital of the ligaments and muscles.

However, the vertebrae are pinching the nerves, appears sharp, prolonged pain. To bend in all the plans makes it very painful, the muscles of the back).

Spondylolisthesis is a very rare anomaly.

Suspicion should turn to a neurologist, the doctor should be able to distinguish this disease degenerative disc disease or disc herniation.

The inspection and study of x-rays and magnetic resonance imaging. Often spondylolisthesis require surgery. Then, the person who goes to the neurosurgeon.

Spondylolisthesis in recommended to sleep on a firm, hard bed.

Stenosis spinal

Inside the spine is the spinal cord are the nerves that provide the movement of the whole body.

In many diseases, for example, degenerative disc disease, spondylolisthesis, tumors, and the reduction of the channel. Then, the spinal cord is compressed by the bones of vertebrates.

This causes pain of the back and neck, you may experience weakness in the arms or legs.

Stenosis spinal is developed very gradually, the symptoms worsen from day to day.

The diagnosis is made by neurologist or neurosurgeon about the results of the examination and of the image. For pain management use pain relievers anti-inflammatory drugs.

In the event that they are effective and stenosis progresses, the surgery is performed.

To keep the spine in the desired position in the stenosis to help bandages.

Prolapse or herniation of the disk

A sharp, sudden back pain occurs when the herniated disc of the spine. This is a departure from cartilagethat appears due to destruction of the dense shell of the disk.

The bulge presses on nerves, causing severe pain. To move a person with a hernia it is difficult and very painful. Limbs can almost completely lose the mobility in strong compression.

A herniated disc often requires surgery, so you should consult a neurosurgeon.

After carrying out magnetic resonance tomography the doctor to specify whether to perform the operation or until you can remove the pain syndrome with the medication.

Apply an anti-inflammatory and analgesic injections.

For the prevention of the hernia should be strengthen the back muscles moderate loads, and avoid lifting heavy objects.

ENT diseases

Sometimes, pain in the neck and back are not related to the spine. This can be a problem from the side of ENT-organs.

Severe tonsillitis without treatment is complicated by the particular abscess – biggest abscess on the side of the neck. There is a sharp pain in the back of her neck, the upper back.

The movement of the neck is limited and painful.

Along with the pain of the person who raised the temperature, and the skin of the nose is hot and red. The abscess opened of the oral cavity by a physician.

It requires long-term therapy with antibiotics. I suspect that tonsillitis has worsened abscess is possible for a General deterioration, despite treatment increasing pain.

When a large abscess of the people can not open the mouth due to spasm of the muscles near the ulcer.


Spinal Tumors are back pain. It can be as metastases from other organs-and the education of the spine. Pain in the tumors are very strong, sore, worse at night. Are combined with a bad General health, weight loss.

The tumor diagnosis is difficult to suspect, because the symptoms are similar to those of osteoarthritis, which is most of the time. Helps in the detection of tumors by magnetic resonance imaging and blood tests.

Any tumor should be removed as it is increasing, the compression of the spinal cord, therefore, lead to the paralysis of the arms or legs.

But the decision on the removal is taken by a neurosurgeon-oncologist – these specialists are tumors of the spine.

In malignant tumors after surgery, receive chemotherapy.


Falls from height, blows, wounds to the back are very dangerous complications in the spine. There is a strong sharp pain at the time of the injury.


Depending on the level and extent of spinal cord injury can lose the mobility and the sensitivity of the hands or feet, disturbances of the function of urination.

When severe cervical lesions can cause breathing problems and even sudden death.

For any suspected spinal cord injury person has to get to the hospital. Best of all, if it will make the ambulance.

The movement of the person in this state alone is very dangerous. May increase spinal cord injury.

So the best tactic is to call an ambulance and ensure the peace of the victim before their arrival.

Damage to the cervical spine often occurs when jumping into the water in an unknown place, when the bottom or objects under the water are too close.

Rheumatoid arthritis

This is the autoimmune disease. That is to say, the immune system is attacking itself. It produces antibodies that attack its own tissues of the joints.

Most often it is the small joints of the hands and feet. Rarely the lesions of the spine. There is pain in the back, inability to stoop or bend.

In the spine movement is limited.

As a general rule, a person aware of the presence of rheumatoid arthritis. The disease is incurable completely.

But, if you follow the recommendations of a competent rheumatologist, then you can get rid of exacerbations frequent and the progression of the disease.

Use strong anti-inflammatory drugs and expensive medications.

The joints of the rheumatoid arthritis in time, irreversibly deformed.


One of the few causes of pain in the neck and back – dermatomyositis. It is also an autoimmune diseasein which the immune system is affected.

The base of the lesion in disease of muscle and skin. Own immune system attacks and injures them. Muscles be tightened, the skin is thick and inelastic.

The pain is constant on the entire surface of the back. Muscles when you touch a solid, but less painful than a simple myositis. Diagnosis and treatment of dermatomyositis – the task of the rheumatologist. In the diagnostic aid in a comprehensive interview, examination and blood tests.

Treatment of life, with the use of strong hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs that suppress aggressive immune system.


Multiple sclerosis rarely presents with pain in the back.

It is a systemic autoimmune diseasein which the affected joints, blood vessels, muscles and many internal organs, blood vessels, the gastrointestinal tract.

While scleroderma can appear as pain in the lower back and along the back, by the neck. The pain is constant, pain, accompanied by a feeling of tightness and muscle weakness.

If you suspect that scleroderma should consult a rheumatologist. He carried out a thorough inspection, assess the condition of the skin and joints.

It is also named blood tests, which revealed signs of aggression, its own immunity.

Treatment similar to the treatment of dermatomyositis – a systemic anti-inflammatory hormonal.

None of the local form of scleroderma that affects only the skin. When your back does not hurt.

Acute down Syndrome

This disease is similar to scleroderma or dermatomyositis.

In its development also participates in own cells of the immune system attacks the body. There is a pain of the back, from the cervical to the lumbar region.

Often the pain in the joints and other organs as the disease affects the entire body.

The diagnosis is very difficult. A rheumatologist, after the inspection and receipt of the results of the research excludes other systemic diseases. Only in this case we can speak of the probability of the acute down syndrome.

Prolonged treatment with analgesics, hormonal and anti-inflammatory drugs.

Vasculitis systemic

These pathologies are amazing vessels.

Depending on the size of the boats of small, medium or large systemic vasculitides are divided into various diseases.

In the development of any of these vasculitis is an immune attack on the walls of their own ships. They become inflamed, thicken, can be damaged.

If it is a question of small vessels, the eruption appears on the skin in the form of fine or medium points. With the defeat of the great ships of the eruption can not be, however, the organs affected, perfused distressed vessels: kidneys, heart, brain.

Is vasculitis systemic rheumatologist with vascular tools and immunosuppressants.

Pain after a massage

Pain in the back after a massage may be too rough the influence of the therapist.


Often, especially in people sensitive and fragile boats, after a session of having a light blue.

It is manifested by severe pain in the back and the next visit of the trainer will be even more painful.

But sometimes that pain is not the fault of the therapist. When there is muscle spasm, the tension during the massage, the muscles gradually relax.

Then, the first movement of the hand of a specialist will be unpleasant and painful, and at the end of the session, the muscles relax and the pain will pass.

When urgent medical attention?

  • The pain of the back can be completely harmless phenomenon, but sometimes required treatment of the emergency to the doctor:
  • Back pain combined with a fever – which occurs when the abscess epidural.
  • Suspicion of back pain and neck in a child less than a year.
  • The pain combined with vomiting, severe headache in the occiput and inability to bend the neck forward may indicate meningitis.
  • The pain was the result of a blow or fall on the back.
  • The pain eases during the day.

How to ease the condition of the house?

If the pain is not strong, then you can try to ease the condition at home before visiting the doctor.

  1. You can use compresses of the leaves of burdock or cabbage: they relieve inflammation in the muscles, reduce inflammation in myositis.
  2. Ointments on the basis of alcohol may be used in osteochondrosis – it relaxes the muscle tension and the ease of the state.
  3. It can often help simply to rest the back. In fact, one of the most frequent causes of pain, tension and fatigue.

To understand the causes of back pain and neck is difficult. A large number of reasons that can cause pain. This article lists the main for your review. For accurate diagnosis and treatment should see a specialist.

If it hurts the neck and the spine what to do

The neck is a very vulnerable part of the body and performs many vital functions. Therefore, any kind of problem with this cause pain and a lot of people want to know why hurt the spine in the neck and what to do in this case.